Global Networks and the Effects on Culture by Alexander R. Galloway

SUMMARY

 

The inventions of the World Wide Web and networks protocols was initially invited as a protective solution by a fear of a cold war and Soviet Sputnik whereas academic used protocols for sharing and transferring files. Over the decades the network has became more popular and more than billions user are friendly with the network. Although, most of them do not know anything about the code and they just want to system works properly. The biggest disadvantages of computer culture are monopole and similarity, which causes viruses.

 

Viruses are interesting object of study because they have been attracting vulnerability of system especially showing problem of the monoculture of the computer sector. It is important to understand that most of the people is not interested of understanding the code itself or even exploring the logic behind. It is important to understand that low diversity of computers is easy to be infected more serious problem how quickly the infections spread between others.

 

Especially after September 2011 it is remarkable how Afghanistan terrorist group al-Qaeda worked. There were only very small group of people where they did not know each other and the idea of strategies were close to the original idea of the protocols such as creative and flexible. These facts make the Afghanistan terrorist groups virtually impervious to the US military.

 

Networks has been infected by terrorist, pirates and anarchies, however; the protocols has been invited for more than decades so the goal is not the destroy technology but solve the problem and find a solution for the injury. First of all, solution is the principle of openness as Linux is. Second solutions suggesting a high level of flexibility and make the problems irrelevant. Third suggestion is to be careful of standardize because it leads to the more viruses, worm emails and spams. Finally, we have to be able to understand the importance of political poverty of networks.

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